ROLE OF FIRE EQUIPMENTS
1.WATER MONITOR/ FOAM MONITOR
- Monitors can be used to project water or fire fighting foam (or in some cases, even Dry chemical powders).
- Water monitors typically project only water, while Foam monitors can be used to project water as well as foam.
- Portable monitors are employed where far-reaching streams are required but fixed monitors are not available. Portable monitors are normally carried on Fire Trucks (or even smaller vehicles) and quickly assembled and deployed at the emergency scene.
- Fire hoses are connected to the monitor, and once the hoses are charged, the monitor provides an effective far reaching stream. These monitors are suitable for use with water and foam solution as appropriate to the hazard.
2. FIRE HOSE BOX
- Hose Boxes are used to store the firefighting equipment like Fire Hoses, Fire Extinguishers, Fire Hose Reels, Branch Pipes etc.
- These cabinets provide best protection from the environmental damage to the fire equipment. They come with Single Door and Double Door.
- It is a steel box mounted at any place for firefighting convenience, with simple installation, light weight and small occupation.
- Fire cabinets also help to protect the equipment inside from dirt and rubbish.
- Hoses are used to carry fluids through air or fluid environments, and they are typically used with clamps, spigots, flanges, and nozzles to control fluid flow.
- They come with Type A & Type B with SS coupling & Gun Metal Coupling.
- A fire hose (or firehose) is a high-pressure hose that carries water or other fire retardant (such as foam) to a fire to extinguish it.
- Outdoors, it attaches either to a fire engine, fire hydrant, or a portable fire pump. Indoors, it can permanently attach to a building’s standpipe or plumbing system
- A fire hydrant is simply a valve-like device similar in function to your water tap that provides constant water flow when you open it.
- Firefighters connect their water hose to that big valve that provide pressurized water flow to fight a fire. There are two types of Fire Hydrants; Wet hydrant and Dry hydrant.
- The main use of the pump is to pull the water from the reservoir and supply the same pressure to the hydrant points enabling firefighters to extinguish the fire effectively.
- In order to connect and operate fire fighting equipment from a hydrant valve, the pressure rating must be 100 psi (7 kg/cm2)
5.HOSE REEL NOZZLE
- The most obvious application of nozzles is to deliver sufficient water, foam or other fire-retardant liquid to the area in which fire has broken out in an attempt to put out the fire.
- Fire hose reels are used to provide a controlled supply of water to combat any potential fire risk involving combustible solids (Class A) and require connection to a pressurised source of water either from the mains supply or a storage tank.
- Hose reels should be securely fixed approx 1m from the floor and care taken not to place obstructions adjacent the hose that my prevent deployment in the case of a fire emergency. Swivel bracket units allow the reel to be folded back into a recess or cabinet.
- Water is a conductor and hose reels should not be used to control electrical fires unless it is possible to turn off the electrical current.
6.SHORT BRANCH PIPE WITH NOZZLE
- A branch pipe is used to direct the flow of water at the end of a fire hose into a nozzle, also sometimes known as a fire hose water director.
- Branch pipes and nozzles are used for a range of washdown and jet spray applications and can be connected to standard hose or layflat fire hose using instantaneous fire hose couplings.
- It is a basic fire fighting nozzle commonly used by most Fire Brigades. These smooth bore tips create a concentrated jet pattern of water flow with maximum reach.
- A fire sprinkler system is an active fire protection measure, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate pressure and flow rate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are connected.
- A fire sprinkler system is a simple, but key, active component of a domestic or commercial building’s fire protection system.
- Installed in ceilings or side walls, the system consists of a water supply, a water distribution piping system and sprinkler heads.
8.HOSE REEL DRUM
- Hose reel drums are used to keep the hose pipe.
- It can either be fixed permanently on a wall (i.e., wall-mounted) or can be portable (attached to a truck).
- Since they are connected to the main water supply, they provide a virtually unlimited amount of water 24/7, 365 days a year.
- A Hose Reel is a cylindrical spindle made of either metal, fiberglass, or plastic and is used for storing a hose. The most common styles of hose reels are spring driven (which is self retracting), hand crank, or motor driven
- Controlled water supply.
- Abrasion Resistance.
- Hose Reel Drum is used to protect hose reels, which are used to extinguish the fire at the time of fire breakout.
- They are easy to locate in industrial areas, commercial buildings and residential buildings.
- A Fire Bucket is filled with sand or water and is used to extinguish fires.
- Sand is often used where there is a risk of spilled flammable liquid which might ignite and spread by flowing across the ground.
- The sand is deployed to act as a barrier to the flowing liquid.
- A fire sand bucket or fire bucket is used to prevent or extinguish the fire by filling it with sand or water and throwing it over the fire.
- Most commonly fire buckets are painted bright red, with the word “FIRE” written in white.
10.FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
- The four ways your fire alarm system works to protect your property and its occupants from the dangers of fire are by detecting fire, alerting occupants, managing risk, and notifying the fire department.
- A fire detector works by detecting smoke and/or heat.
- These devices respond to the presence of smoke or extremely high temperatures that are present with a fire.
- After the device has been activated, it will send a signal to the alarm system to perform the programmed response for that zone
- A fire hose reel is designed to be used as a quick-response method for fighting fires at the early stages.
- It is usually the first piece of attack by anyone in the building or the general public. Hose reels are ideal for class A fires.
- Apart from these applications, hose reel drum and hose pipes are majorly used to extinguish a fire in buildings, factories, and other places.
- They are mandatory in every indoor building as they are the first piece of attack for fire.
- Hose pipes are used in the oil industry to move liquids under high pressures.
- A smoke detector is an electronic fire-protection device that automatically senses the presence of smoke, as a key indication of fire, and sounds a warning to building occupants.
- Commercial and industrial smoke detectors issue a signal to a fire alarm control panel as part of a building’s central fire alarm system.
- Smoke detector use smoke as an indicator of fire powered by battery.
- In the smoke chamber infrared emitter and detector sense smoke reflective.
- Detector only receive an infrared signal if there is smoke in the chamber and the signal from the emitter reflects on the smoke